PolyConundrum

The Demand For Female Urologists Outpaces Supply

Marla Paul, Northwestern University
Women who need to see the urologist prefer female providers, but there aren’t enough of them to meet that need, a new…

Thinning Clouds In The Tropics Put Global Warming Ahead Of Schedule

Fabio Bergamin, ETH Zurich
With the help of satellite data, scientists have shown that low-level cloud cover in the tropics thins out as Earth…

Fishing Is At The Heart Of The South China Sea Dispute

Clive Schofield, University of Wollongong; Rashid Sumaila and William Cheung, University of British Columbia
Contrary to the view that the South China Sea disputes are driven by a regional hunger for seabed energy resources, the…

Anthrax Strikes Back In The Rapidly Thawing Arctic

Kieran Cooke, Climate News Network
Record high temperatures in Arctic Russia are believed to be one of the main factors behind the emergence of the deadly…

How to Break the Power of Money

David Korten, YES! Magazine
We can refuse to accept the pervasive, but false, claims that money is wealth and a growing GDP improves the lives of…

Looks Like We Have Blown The 1.5-degree Global Warming Target

Andrew King, University of Melbourne and Benjamin J. Henley, University of Melbourne
The United Nations climate change conference held last year in Paris had the aim of tackling future climate change.…

How Adult Students Are Not Getting 21st-century Skills

Iris Feinberg, Georgia State University and Daphne Greenberg, Georgia State University
More and more adults are going back to school to learn new skills. The National Center for Education Statistics data…

What Are The Three Main Tactics Of Climate Denial?

Stephan Lewandowsky, University of Bristol
The recently elected One Nation senator from Queensland, Malcolm Roberts, fervently rejects the established scientific…

Why a Tax on Wall Street Trades is a Great Idea

Robert Reich
One of Bernie Sanders’s most important proposals didn’t receive enough attention and should become a law even without a…

36 Percent Of U.S. “Financially Desperate” Or Barely Getting By

Mark Gruenberg, Peoples World
Some 36 percent of all U.S. residents are either financially desperate - meaning they don't earn enough to pay basic…

Why Political Corruption Is The Real Threat to American Sovereignty

Robert Reich
“Without a border, we just don’t have a country,“ Donald Trump says repeatedly. For him, the biggest threats to…

Why Are Black Youths So Often Branded As Criminals

Carl Suddler, University of Delaware
Two years ago, on Aug. 9, 2014, Michael Brown, an unarmed 18-year-old African-American teenager, was shot and killed by…

Global Warming And El Niño Sent Climate Records Tumbling

Andrew King, University of Melbourne and Sarah Perkins-Kirkpatrick, UNSW Australia
The State of the Climate in 2015 report, led by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, was released.…

Here's What A Cyber War Might Look Like

Bill Buchanan, Edinburgh Napier University
Imagine you woke up to discover a massive cyber attack on your country. All government data has been destroyed, taking…

How The GOP’s Cynical Election Strategy Is Imploding

David Daley, BillMoyers.com.
As Donald Trump enmeshed himself in a bitter fight with the parents of an American Muslim military hero — and Paul…

Will There Really Be 750 Million Refugees From Flooding?

Jane McAdam, UNSW Australia
Ethicist Peter Singer told Q&A that climate change-related sea level rises are “estimated to cause something like 750…

Why The Antarctic Peninsula Is Cooling Now

Alex Kirby, Climate News Network
After warming for nearly 50 years the Antarctic peninsula has begun cooling, though probably not for long, UK…

We’re On The Path To Losing All The Large Animals

Rob Jordan, Stanford University
What will the world look like as rhinos, tigers, and other large animals go extinct?

Should We Be Locking People Up In Prisons At All?

Rob Hulls, RMIT University and Elena Campbell, RMIT University
Footage aired last week of children being abused in a Northern Territory prison sent shockwaves around the nation.…

Companies With More Female Directors Are Better Corporate Citizens

Suzette Viviers and Nadia Mans-Kemp, Stellenbosch University
There is a growing body of international research that suggests that companies with gender-diverse boards are better…

How Natural Regeneration Can Speed Up Degraded Forest Restoration

Richard Sadler, Climate News Network
Degraded tropical forests throughout the world could be effectively restored by using a simple and inexpensive…

Donald Trump And "Poor White Trash"

Karin Kamp, Bill Moyers.com
In her new book,White Trash: The 400-Year Untold History of Class in America, Nancy Isenberg rips apart the myth that…

Why Austerity And Neoliberalism Are A Toxic Combination

Sara De Benedictis and Rosalind Gill, OpenDemocracy
Austerity does not necessarily have to be neoliberal and neoliberalism does not have any necessary connection to…

When Terror Goes Viral It's Up To Us To Prevent Chaos

Brian McNair, Queensland University of Technology
The scent of chaos hangs heavy in the air. Donald Trump evokes it in Cleveland. Islamic State sows it in Nice,…

How The Sexism Surrounding Women's Speech Endures

Kae Reynolds, University of Huddersfield
After a campaign lasting more than a year and taking in all 50 states, Hillary Rodham Clinton has delivered a speech…

Could Clinton's Health Care Proposals Work?

Richard Hirt and John Z. Ayanian, University of Michigan
As the spotlight shifts from the Republican to Democratic convention, Hillary Clinton’s plans for health care reform,…

Why Consumers Who Participate In Green Programs Are Happier

Kristen Parker, Michigan State University
Consumers who participate in a company’s “green” programs—like recycling or reusing a hotel towel—are more satisfied…

Do Climate Disaster Movies Hurt The Climate Cause?

Lauren Griffin, University of Florida and Ann Christiano, University of Florida
Given that 2016 is expected to be the hottest year on record, with several months that not only surpassed old heat…

Is “Helicopter Money” The Road to Hyperinflation or A Cure for Debt Deflation?

Ellen Brown
Fifteen years after embarking on its largely ineffective quantitative easing program, Japan appears poised to try the…

Why Carbon Storage Increase In The Little Ice Age Bodes Ill For Us

Peter Rayner, University of Melbourne; Cathy Trudinger, CSIRO; David Etheridge, CSIRO, and Mauro Rubino, Second University of Naples
The dip in atmospheric carbon dioxide levels during the Little Ice Age wasn’t caused by New World pioneers cutting a…

Harvard Lawless School and You

Ralph Nader
Harvard Law School professors love to use hypotheticals in their classes. So let’s try one that they have not subjected…

How Forests Respond To Increasing Levels Of CO2

Daniel Stolte, University of Arizona
Forests take up 25 to 30 percent of human-caused emissions of carbon dioxide—a strong greenhouse gas—and therefore are…

Droughts Are Drying Up Amazon’s Green Lungs

Tim Radford, Climate News Network
Serious tree loss and stunted growth caused by repeated droughts in the Amazon Basin have damaged the rainforest’s…

America's Deep Political Divide Can Be Traced Back To 1832

Jennifer Mercieca, Texas A&M University
You’ve probably heard the popular aphorism “to the victor belongs the spoils of the enemy.” But you might not know who…

Vast Wildfires Are Burning In Remote Siberia

Stefan H. Doerr, Swansea University and Cristina Santin, Swansea University
Every so often, in regions too remote for the TV cameras, satellite images reveal vast fires covering thousands of…

How A New Source Of Water Is Helping Reduce Conflict In The Middle East

Super User
Ten miles south of Tel Aviv, I stand on a catwalk over two concrete reservoirs the size of football fields and watch…

More CO2 Won't Help Northern Forests Or Stave Off Climate Change

Noah Charney, University of Arizona
We’ve heard the predictions of how greenhouse gas emissions will drive changes in the temperatures and precipitation…

Humans Are Playing High-risk, High-stakes Ecological Roulette

Tim Radford, Climate News Network
Analysis of millions of records by thousands of scientists across the world shows that human impacts have helped push…

What People Fear Predicts How They View Police Reform

Deborah Bach, University of Washington
At a time of intense national attention on law enforcement and race, a new study suggests that racially based fear…

Zooplankton Warn Us That Extinction Has A Tipping Point

Charlotte Hsu, University at Buffalo
Experts say the results of a study of ancient zooplankton fossils offer a warning about mass extinction events: There’s…

In America, Domestic Extremists Are A Bigger Risk Than Foreign Terrorism

David Alpher, George Mason University
Take America back from those who have stolen it. Protect America from those who want to destroy it. Restore the…

Offshore Wind Power Is Pulling Even With Fossil Fuels In Europe

Kieran Cooke, Climate News Network
Falling costs mean that power generated by offshore wind farms is becoming increasingly competitive with other fuels –…

Fear Is What Police Reform Doesn’t Address

Zenobia Jeffries, YES! Magazine
The most effective reforms are the ones that build community trust between citizens and the police that serve them.

Why We Need To Find A Cure For Social Death

Jana Králová, University of Bath
Every year, over 50m people in the world will die. Old age, disease, war and starvation all contribute to that number,…

Is The Trauma Of Police Violence Killing Black Women?

Christen Smith, University of Texas at Austin
Diamond Reynolds’ live stream of Philando Castile bleeding to death after being shot by Officer Jeronimo Yanez has…

What Happened To Iraq's Oil After The War?

Robert Smith, Coventry University
Opponents of the Iraq war often highlight the importance of oil when explaining why the invasion took place. While…

How Girl Scouts Get Their Parents To Go Green

Stanford University
Girl Scouts can help parents make energy-saving decisions at home, research shows. A team of researchers recently…

France's Social Fabric Frays From Terrorist Attacks

Simon Reich, Rutgers University Newark
Last night, we sat toasting Bastille Day, and watching a glorious fireworks display at the Eiffel Tower from our…

Art, Language And The Challenges Of Living On A Changing Planet

Faith Kearns, University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources
The common wisdom about climate change is that it’s too big and too abstract for humans to comprehend, that it’s too…

Why Is It So Hard To Improve American Policing?

Frederic Lemieux, George Washington University
The use of lethal force by police officers in Minnesota and Baton Rouge has once again sparked protests over the…

Why Paris Climate Targets Are Not Enough

Malte Meinshausen, University of Melbourne
The Paris climate agreement saw countries pledge to limit global warming to well below 2℃, and to aim to keep it within…

A View Of American Islam From The Suburbs

Justine Howe, Case Western Reserve University
On June 10 Americans celebrated Muhammad Ali as a paragon of athletic prowess, dignity in the face of suffering and…

Getting Illegal Foreign Money Into US Campaigns Is Easy Now

Kathy Kiely, BillMoyers.com
As campaign-finance reform advocates pounce on Donald Trump’s bizarre — because it’s blatantly illegal — spamming of…

The Earth's Past Presents A Warning Of Our Greater Warming

Tim Radford, Climate News Network
Reconstruction of climate events long before the Ice Ages shows that failure to reduce greenhouse gas emissions could…

We Can Make Common Chemicals From Wood Instead Of Oil

Super User
Today’s chemical industry relies on oil to make everything from plastics to detergents to medications. Scientists say…

Does The Developing World Have To Be Awash In Pesticides?

Super User
Herbicides, insecticides and fungicides threaten the environment and human health in many parts of the world. But…

These Fires Are Huge, Hidden And Harmful. What Can We Do?

XiaoZhi Lim, Ensia
Smoldering peat gives off massive quantities of carbon dioxide and other pollutants, but the search for solutions is on.

Why The Wounds From Incarceration Never Heal

Tony N. Brown, Vanderbilt University and Evelyn Patterson, Vanderbilt University
New research that we’ve published with our colleague Mary Laske Bell shows that African American men who are former…

How To Spot An Online Lie

Tom van Laer, City University London
There are three things you can be sure of in life: death, taxes – and lying. The latter certainly appears to have been…

How Regulating Guns Like Cars Could Improve Safety

Keith Guzik, University of Colorado Denver and Gary T. Marx, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
In the midst of the Senate’s failure to agree on measures designed to tighten controls around the sales of firearms, a…